学校的力量:改善生活和气候变化

12 minute read

更新于 Fri Nov 13 2020

Empowering women and girls is key to building a better future - in terms of both society and the environment.

There are so many ways in which women can help fight the climate crisis, we just don’t have time to cover them all here. In this chapter we’re going to look at just two ways that gender equality could help solve climate change: improving equality in education and climate leadership.

世界各地的现代避孕方法

教育和计划生育

Family planning is about helping people to choose if they want children, how many they want, and when they want to have them.

In the developing world, 225 million women from low income countries say that they want to choose if and when they become pregnant, but they can’t because they can’t access contraception.

世界各地的现代避孕方法

解决办法是确保每人都能平等地获得避孕药具。

With widespread contraception, women tend to desire smaller families and have fewer children, which can reduce global emissions.

提供避孕药能够怎样减少全球排放?


加强计划生育有助于满足妇女个人的需要,同时也能减缓全球人口增长的速度

教育

女童受教育长期以来会导致女性生育数量更低,但是为什么?


Educated women have better career prospects and often choose to use family planning methods to delay having children, allowing them to pursue their careers.

Furthermore, with better education women can make better health choices for themselves and their children. This leads to lower child death rates. As death rates fall, women tend to have fewer children as they no longer expect to lose their children early in life. Women might also choose to leave longer gaps between births.

加强教育就是减少儿童的数量

Educating girls and making sure everyone has access to contraceptives gives women power over their lives and bodies. Through empowering women, education and family planning services also benefits the environment.

Family planning and girls’ education together could reduce global emissions by 85.4Gt CO2e by 2050. That’s over 1.5 times the total emissions produced in 2018! .

Girls’ education is also a surprisingly cheap way of fighting climate change!

教育女性也是一种有效减少排放的办法

和其他减少碳排放的方法对比,会怎么样呢?你认为以下哪项比教育女童花费更高


如下面的图标所示,教育女童的花费低于大部分减排战略,只有增加建筑隔热层花费更低

应对气候变化的最廉价方法之一!

要减少一吨二氧化碳,计划生育的花费比碳捕获要低90-95%

女性作为气候领导者

Globally, power is not shared equally between genders. In 2019, only 24.5% of all countries’ politicians were women.

At the highest levels of political power, there is an even larger gender gap.

全世界共有195个国家。其中,有多少国家由女性担任国家元首或政府首脑(截止2020年5月)


这种性别差距为什么存在?因为女性在参与政治时面临重重阻碍

女性进入政治领域面临重重障碍

To combat climate change, we need to use the knowledge and skills of both men and women!

So, is including women in decision-making and leadership already helping the environment? Yes! Here are just a few examples…

女性可以成为优秀的领导者!

赋能女性成为决策者和国际领导人,将有助于应对气候变化,改善各地人民的生活

结论

通过女性赋权,我们可以为人类创造所希望的未来。在这个未来,无论男性还是女性都有权作出选择,并获得他们过上健康、可持续和充实的生活所需的资源。
在实现这样的世界的同时,我们甚至也可以阻止气候变化。

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