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更新於: 28 Jan 2021

隨著全球經濟的增長,我們購買更多東西。 更科學地講,我們在「增加\definition {消費}{consumption}」。但是,當我們這樣做的時候,我們也增加了二氧化碳的排放量

Image of 地球寶寶正在做雜貨



  1. 時尚
  2. 住宅
  3. 棕櫚油
  4. 個人電器


{時裝業是第二大工業污染者,佔所有溫室氣體排放量的10% 大部分排放量來自高度複雜的全球供應鏈,用於生產和分配衣服。

Image of 服裝製造供應鏈


This industry is also the second-largest consumer of water  and is responsible for 20% of industrial water pollution . It also creates many other toxins that are harmful to human and environmental health and produces 92 million tonnes of waste a year .

Image of 製造紡織品對環境有很大的影響



Image of 時尚產業的增長


雖然減少購買的衣服數量是一個不錯的起點,但要想產生重大影響,就必須進行大規模的改變。 需要引入貿易政策和法規,以幫助使該行業對環境友好和可持續的發展。 例如,在法國,有一項法律禁止銷毀未售出的服裝,通過重複使用或回收來減少紡織品浪費


Housing creates an array of environmental issues, from when it is built to when it is knocked down . The main way to reduce such impacts is through government policy , such as enforcing the use of more environmentally sustainable building materials or recycling construction debris and demolition waste .

While most of us have little control over how our houses are built, we can make a difference to the emissions produced by living in them.

Ensuring our homes have double glazing and loft insulation will make them more energy efficient. By conserving energy, the average gas-heated home could save 0.6 tonnes of CO₂ and £184 every year in the UK alone .

Image of 使建築物對生態環境更加友好


Another high-impact action you can choose is switching to a clean electricity provider. On average, this can save 1.5 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions per person per year.

不同的能源會釋放不同數量的溫室氣體。 煤炭是罪魁禍首,釋放每千瓦時820克(溫室氣體)。 下圖顯示了每種能源來源的溫室氣體排放量

Image of 地球寶寶為我們展示綠色又安全的能源來源


核能不僅具有最低的排放量,為每千瓦時3 g二氧化碳 ,他還具有最低的死亡率,每億瓦時有0.07例死亡。 每億瓦時的死亡人數比煤炭少351倍。 如果我們要過渡到零碳社會,那麼其他安全,清潔的能源(例如太陽能和風能)也將很重要。 查看「能源」課程以了解更多信息!



Image of 棕櫚油被廣泛使用


The increase in demand for palm oil has resulted in extensive deforestation in countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia . This has led to a loss of biodiversity as land is converted from dense forests to palm oil plantations . Rainforests can store more carbon than palm oil plantations, and so the conversion of rainforest to palm oil plantations has resulted in a net increase of greenhouse gas emissions . If the original land was a peat swamp forest, converting it to palm oil plantations will cause 1550 tons of CO₂ to be released per hectare .

This is made worse when ‘slash and burn’ techniques are used to clear land by burning the forest. This intentional burning releases large amounts of CO₂ and nitrous oxide , and, in 2015, fires in Indonesia caused 1.62-1.75 billion tonnes of CO₂ emissions to be released.

However, palm oil is actually the most efficient type of oil we can use for many household products . Oil palm is highly productive, producing an average of 3.8 tonnes of oil per hectare . Other temperate oil crops produce only about 0.3-1.2 tonnes per hectare .

Image of 棕櫚油需要的土地比替代品少


Image of 棕櫚油的效率



我們應該只購買經過認證的可持續棕櫚油; 也就是在可持續生產方面已經獲得認可的棕櫚油。 這就是所謂的「用你的錢包投票」,你可以在其中支持那些承諾使用可持續棕櫚油的公司,並確保他們遵守承諾

當前棕櫚油的領先認證是可持續棕櫚油圓桌會議(RSPO); 全球20%的棕櫚油生產由該組織認證。 已發現RSPO認證可減少30%的森林砍伐,因此,在你當地的超市購買商品時,找到此徽標是件好事!

Image of Earthly approves of the RSPO logo

Earthly approves of the RSPO logo

但是,RSPO也因為無法達到其可持續性目標而受到批評,例如保護猩猩 和減少火災的熱點地區


電子辣雞是對環境有巨大的威脅。 在過去的幾年中,個人電子產品的擁有量顯著增加。 例如,在美國,擁有智能手機的人數在2011年至2019年期間增加了230%。 此外,隨著公司努力鼓勵我們升級到最新,最智能的技術,我們的設備使用壽命越來越短

Image of 地球寶寶升級它們的手機


In 2017, 44.7 million tonnes of electronic waste was produced . Worryingly, only 20% of that waste was recycled .

When electronics are thrown into a landfill, toxic chemicals, such as lead, leak into the environment, polluting ecosystems, and harming human health .

What’s more, mining for the metals that are needed to manufacture the batteries for these devices results in greenhouse gas emission of 11.73 kg CO₂eq per kg of metal extracted .



  • 少購買 —不要被廣告吸引! 你不需要每年都買一個新手機
  • 盡可能回收舊的電子產品
  • 維修損壞的設備
  • 購買二手的電子設備
  • 購買環保的電子產品。 可能的認證包括能源之星或電子產品環境評估工具(EPEAT)。
Image of 阻止電子廢物