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Sức mạnh của trường học: Cải thiện cuộc sống và biến đổi khí hậu
12 minute read
Updated on Fri Nov 13 2020
Empowering women and girls is key to building a better future - in terms of both society and the environment.
There are so many ways in which women can help fight the climate crisis, we just don’t have time to cover them all here. In this chapter we’re going to look at just two ways that gender equality could help solve climate change: improving equality in education and climate leadership.
Education & family planning
Family planning is about helping people to choose if they want children, how many they want, and when they want to have them.
In the developing world, 225 million women from low income countries say that they want to choose if and when they become pregnant, but they can’t because they can’t access contraception.
Giải pháp ở đây là đảm bảo mọi người đều có quyền tiếp cận bình đẳng với các biện pháp tránh thai.
With widespread contraception, women tend to desire smaller families and have fewer children, which can reduce global emissions.
Increasing family planning helps meet individual women’s needs while also slowing global population growth.
Educated women have better career prospects and often choose to use family planning methods to delay having children, allowing them to pursue their careers.
Furthermore, with better education women can make better health choices for themselves and their children. This leads to lower child death rates. As death rates fall, women tend to have fewer children as they no longer expect to lose their children early in life. Women might also choose to leave longer gaps between births.
Educating girls and making sure everyone has access to contraceptives gives women power over their lives and bodies. Through empowering women, education and family planning services also benefits the environment.
Family planning and girls’ education together could reduce global emissions by 85.4Gt CO2e by 2050. That’s over 1.5 times the total emissions produced in 2018! .
Girls’ education is also a surprisingly cheap way of fighting climate change!
As shown by the plot below, girls’ education is cheaper than all these emissions reduction strategies except adding insulation to buildings.
Family planning also costs 90-95% less than carbon capture per tonne of CO2 saved!
Women as Climate Leaders
Globally, power is not shared equally between genders. In 2019, only 24.5% of all countries’ politicians were women.
At the highest levels of political power, there is an even larger gender gap.
Tại sao khoảng cách về giới lại tồn tại? Đó là bởi vì nữ giới phải đối mặt với rất nhiều rào cản trong việc tham gia hệ thống chính trị.
To combat climate change, we need to use the knowledge and skills of both men and women!
So, is including women in decision-making and leadership already helping the environment? Yes! Here are just a few examples…
Empowering women as decision makers and international leaders will help fight climate change and improve the lives of people everywhere!
Through empowering girls and women we can build the future we want for humanity. In this future, people of all genders have the power to make choices and have access to the resources they need to live healthy, sustainable and fulfilling lives. And, in achieving this world, we may even stop climate change too.