Generation IV Nuclear: Can We Solve the Remaining Issues Nuclear Faces?
8 minute read
Updated on: 03 Mar 2021
In the last chapter we learned that there are four fundamental problems with Nuclear Energy:
- Nuclear waste
- Nuclear explosions
- High cost
- Long construction time
We’ll assess various ideas using this scheme:
The easy one: building Small Modular Reactors
Instead of building a big reactor on-site, what if we mass-produce smaller components in a factory and ship them to where they need to be? They could be ready to install very quickly after a state decides to purchase them. These reactors are called Small Modular Reactors (SMR). They are ‘modular’ because multiple small reactors (called ‘modules’) can be combined at the site to provide the same power as a conventional big reactor:
Modules would be ready to install right after a state decides to purchase them.
SMRs use Uranium and water like conventional reactors. However, many SMR designs are capable of passive cooling, meaning that a power outage does not cause a nuclear meltdown and explosion .